Cricket is a game where a team has to take 10 wickets to stop the opposition to score runs. A batsman is dismissed or declared out when his batting period ends and he is sent back to the pavilion.
There are 11 ways in which a batsman can be dismissed:–
When the ball hits the stump and the bails fall, then the batsman is declared out. It is one of the common ways of getting dismissed. The batsman won’t be regarded as bowled if the ball is not legitimate, like a no-ball. If the ball is touched by the umpire or wicket-keeper before the ball hits the stump, the batsman may not be given out.
2. Caught: There are three types of cases:-
(a) When the bowl is caught by a fielder.
(b) When the bowl is caught by the bowler itself.
(c) When the bowl is caught by the wicket-keeper.
3. Stump out :
The batsman steps out of the crease to play a shot and is unable to connect the shot. Simultaneously, the wicket-keeper hits the wickets with the ball in hand, then the batsman is said to be out. Stumped is the only form of dismissal which goes to the bowler’s tally even when the delivery is not legitimate.
4. LBW(Leg Before Wicket):
When the batsman obstructs the wickets with his legs and the ball is in the line of the wicket, then the umpire dismisses the batsman. For the batsman to be out, the ball should have an impact outside the off-stump and by judging its bounce, spin or swing, it should have gone hit the stumps if not for the interception.
5. Run Out:
When the fielder hits the wickets while the batsman is out of the crease and attempting to take a run, then the batsman is declared out.
6. Obstructing the field:
When the batsman intentionally distracts the fielders by any action or words, then he is declared out.
7. Handled the ball:
When the batsman hands over the ball with his hand to the fielders while he is not holding the bat, then he is declared out.
The batsman is said to be retired if he dismisses his innings before the umpire’s permission due to some injury.
9. Timed Out:
If the batsman takes more than 2 minutes to reach the pitch when someone gets out, then he is dismissed.
10. Double Hit:
The batsman is declared out when he hits the ball twice. The first hit is generally by the bat and the second one is either by a bat, foot or ankle.
11. Hit wicket:
When the batsman unintentionally hits the Wicket with his bat, foot or hand, then he is declared out. The batsman won’t be given out if he blazed into the stumps to avoid a run-out. A famous hit-wicket incident occurred in a Test match in Headingley when a bouncer by Dwayne Bravo hit the helmet of Kevin Pietersen and the helmet fell on the stumps, KP had to go back to the pavilion.