Cricket is also known as a game dominated by the batsman. When it comes to ODI and T20 cricket, each batsman dominates and scores runs by hitting boundaries and sixes. Hence it makes the game more interesting and when the batsman hits sixes, the crowd cheers for that player.
The instrument by which the player plays or hits boundaries and sixes is a bat in cricket. Previously the bat was like a hockey stick to facilitate hitting the ball which used to be delivered underarm. When the law of the game allowed the bowlers to loop the ball in the air overarm, the changes began to happen to the shape of the cricket bat. Hence it led to vertical swing by the batsman rather than horizontal sweeping as the ball started to bounce.
In the year 1820 when the law becomes round-arm bowling; the shape of the bat started to take the modern form. And when the present shape, the size of the bat became an apple of discord. It went to a huge controversy of players resorting to high-width bats and one even to the size of stumps and protecting the wickets.
Moreover, the changes came and the maximum four and quarter inches was universally accepted. This led to a change in batting techniques and batsmen started playing both vertical and horizontals shots instead of going only with the changed shape of the bat, an experiment went to choose the right quality of wood which can stand the strokes of the hard cricket ball.
While English Willow or was the choice, But White willow bats were lighter but used to weigh up. But the English bat manufacturer started using sapwood on the bat because it will be lighter and very much interesting. These bats were thinner and straight, and the blades of the bat are used to carry more weight.
Hence in the late 1920s saw the use of heavier bats by players of the caliber of Sir Don Bradman, Jack Hobbs, Bill Ponsford. While Bradman chose bats weighing about two pounds and two ounces, Ponsford used a much heavier bat weighing two pounds and nine ounces. Those bats are called “Big Bertha” bats.
From 1960s players like Clive Lloyd, Graeme Pollock they have started using heavier bat more than 3 pounds. And, players like Garfield sobers who use to carry lighter bats, Sachin Tendulkar uses to carry heavy bat which was 3 pounds and very thick edges and consistent shots bat.
AS the cricket bat progresses game changes the manufacturer uses to do scoops, hollows, plugs, and many more. The game of cricket is changing day by day gaining more popularity across the globe country like India and Pakistan believe cricket is nothing less than any religion.
Then the new addition of bat is the Mongoose bat which was used by Mathew Hayden.
According to the law MCC has given a green signal to this bat:
“The bat is no more than 38 inches (97 cm) in length, and no more than 4.25 inches (10.8 cm) wide. The hand or glove holding the bat is considered part of the bat. Ever since the Heavy Metal incident, a highly publicized marketing attempt by Dennis Lillee who brought out an aluminum bat during an international game, the laws have provided that the blade of the bat must be made of wood (and in practice, they are made from White Willow wood).” Overall as the game progresses and days change rule changes the bat also changed players want to score runs faster.