What are the different types of grounds and facilities used in Football?

Football is one of the oldest and most popular team sports ever invented in the world. It has a devoted following all around the world because it is one of the most engaging games. Apart from the pitch, which is extremely important in football, each game has its own rules and techniques. It is played on a rectangular grass field or a green-coloured synthetic surface with specific proportions.

The size of the football field varies substantially depending on the format. Even though 5-a-side pitches have curved penalty areas and 11-a-side slopes have an 18-yard box, football field markings and dimensions differ significantly between the two formats. 

FIFA has its own pitch specifications that deviate slightly from the FA’s recommendations. A four-a-side pitch, for example, has a minimum length of 13 yards (12 m) by 21 yards wide (19.2 m) and a maximum length of 16 yards (14.63 m) by 27 yards wide (19.2 m) (24.6 m).

7 vs 7 requires a minimum pitch length of 30 metres (32.80 yards) by 45 metres (49.21 yards). A 35m (38.27 yards) long and 50m (54.68 yards) wide pitch is possible at this level. A 9 vs 9 pitch must be 45 metres long (49.21 yards) and 60 metres broad to be suitable (65.61 yards). The maximum pitch dimensions for a 9-a-side game is 50 metres long and 67 metres wide. 

●   Goal Post

Goalposts are placed in the middle of each goal line in football ground dimensions. It consists of two equidistant posts joined by a horizontal crossbar with a net attached to the backside. The distance between two equidistant posts should be 7.32 metres, and the horizontal crossbar’s bottom border should be 8 feet away from the ground (2.44 metres).

●   Penalty Area

The penalty area is the larger box near the goal that encompasses both the goal and penalty mark (introduced in 1887 and complemented by a D-shaped curve in 1937). The lines that extend into the fields are 16.5 metres long and are separated by 40.32 metres.

The penalty mark is located 11 metres from the goal line and is centred on the goal line of both fields.

●   International Football Goal Dimensions 

For 11-a-side ball international matches, FIFA stipulates a goal measurement of 7.32m x 2.44m x 1.5m (width x height x depth). The width of the goalposts and crossbars should not exceed 12 cm. The goal net for football must be tightly secured to the ground and “hooked” to the goalposts, crossbar edge, and goalposts. To avoid hindering the goalkeeper’s ability to catch the ball, the net tension must be appropriate.

However, the pressure must be moderate to keep the ball from rebounding back onto the court. Goalkeeper netting is generally made from suitable materials such as cloth, jute, or nylon. The goal post and crossbar of the 11-man football goal are also white. 

Because this is a suggestion from UEFA, the top clubs in the world use a pitch size of 105 Γ— 68 metres (114.8 Γ— 74.4 yards). The following are some well-known stadiums and the dimensions of their football fields:

● Camp Nou: 105 Γ— 68 metres

● Wembley: 105 Γ— 68 metres

● Old Trafford: 105 Γ— 68 metres

● Emirates Stadium: 105 Γ— 68 metres

● San Siro: 105 Γ— 68 metres

● Allianz Arena: 105 Γ— 68 metres

● Maracana: 105 Γ— 68 metres

● Tottenham Hotspur Stadium: 105 Γ— 68 metres

● Stamford Bridge: 103 Γ— 67 metres

● Anfield: 101 Γ— 68 metres

The advertising boards should be 1-3 metres beyond the touchline, according to UEFA regulation. 

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