Step by step analysis of a football transfer

Image Credit: Olympics 

The most visible evidence of the massive sums of money in the football industry is player transfers. They’ve evolved into something more than merely a player switching clubs in recent years. They’ve evolved into enormous spectacles that take place in public. Every day, nearly 50,000 people search for “Manchester United transfers.” Every day, the phrase “Arsenal Transfers” is searched over 30,000 times.

Given the amount of money involved, it’s not surprising that transfers can be lengthy and complicated. With that in mind, people might be wondering how transfers in football operate. 

Most football leagues across the world have a specified period during which players can change clubs. There are two times in which they occur in European football. “Transfer windows” are the terms used to describe these times. The transfer window dates vary slightly from year to year. They are, however, most typically open at the conclusion of a season and in the middle of a season.

Outside of these established transfer windows, clubs do occasionally negotiate and agree on a deal. However, the move can only be completed during a transfer window. 

Here is the step by step analysis of a football transfer:

●   Scouting 

Many teams now collect thorough data evaluations of players using computer programmes like Scout7.

Within minutes of a game-ending, videos are published, allowing a manager, head of recruitment, or director of football to monitor a player from the comfort of his office.

Scouts in the field now spend almost as much time off the field gathering info as they do on it, communicating with agents, establishing relationships with a player’s family and friends, and trying to stay one step ahead of their competitors.

●   Bidding 

After scouting is completed, clubs will begin the bidding process for their target.

Although submitting an offer is simple, extra preparation is required before making a formal approach.

“A club seeking to sign a contract with a professional must tell the player’s existing club in writing before going into negotiations with him,” according to Article 18(3) of FIFA’s Regulations on the Status and Transfer of Players.

●   Tapping Up

In football, ‘tapping up’ refers to an attempt to persuade a player under contract with one team to join another side without the current team’s official authorisation.

This type of approach is typically made behind the scenes through a player’s agent, but other techniques of tapping up – such as coaches or players publicly expressing their appreciation for the targeted player through the media – are a more popular and bold method.

It’s difficult not to believe that ‘tapping up’ occurs more frequently than we realise.

●   Negotiations 

Negotiations can be for a short time or a long time, depending on the needs of all parties involved. When transfers come to a halt, it’s frequently due to pay demands or personal issues.

To get the best possible agreement for all parties, competent mediation is required.

This stage is critical because teams who provide the greatest packages will beat their rivals to signings like Paul Gascoigne did when he selected Tottenham over Man United because the Londoners bought his parents a house.

●   Agents

Agents are an essential aspect of the game, especially at this time of year, and players and clubs alike prize good ones. Agents can be employed by clubs to identify players or find teams for players they want to sell, as previously indicated. From the top-down, their network of contacts is often a beneficial tool for managers.

They should also ensure that players can focus on their game without having to worry about contract talks and conversations, at least in theory. As much as a negotiator, a good agent should be a mentor and confidante.

●   Medical & Work Permit 

However, the medical isn’t everything, as Arsenal elected to sign Andrey Arshavin from Zenit St Petersburg despite failing one and passing the second.

Receiving a work permit, on the other hand, can be a stumbling barrier due to the tight requirements for obtaining one.

Any player above the age of 16 who does not have an EU passport must obtain permission, which will be sponsored by the buying club.

●   Signing 

The player signs on the dotted line after passing (or failing) a medical exam and submitting a work permit application.

The documentation is then faxed to the league, and the new man is given the club shirt and photographed around the stadium.

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